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Abstract submission guidelines



Abstracts to be submitted online only.

1.1 Word Processing
The maximum number of characters (including spaces) is 2000. This equates to approx. 250-300 words.

2.1  Authors
The authors' names should start with their initials, each followed by a full stop before the surname. No medical degrees or appointments should be included. After the authors names there should be one full address for correspondence. 

2.2 Text and Paragraph Titles
Organise the  text into the following paragraphs,  Purpose of Study (One sentence). Methods, Results and Conclusions.  There is no need to use these headings. Indent the text at the beginning of each new paragraph except the first. Do not leave any space between paragraphs.

2.3 Spelling
For English spelling, use the Concise Oxford Dictionary or the Oxford Dictionary for Writers and Editors. Use 'ise' not 'ize' spellings.

2.4 Underlining/Italic Type
Underlining, bold or italic type cannot be used.

2.5 Capitals
Use capitals for proper names, titles, geographical names, trade names.

2.6 Hyphens
Hyphens are most often used in compound adjectives, e.g. well-prepared lecture, up-to-date report. This is extremely important when confusion may be caused if there are no hyphens: compare 'three-day old kittens' with 'three day old kittens'.

2.7 Abbreviations and Contractions
Abbreviations not in common use should be spelled out in full the first time they occur in a typescript. Examples: Greenwich Mean Time (GMT). Short names (of countries, institutions, honours) and well-known acronyms are abbreviated without full stops and
without space between the letters.
Examples: USA, UK, PM (Prime Minister), ESR, WBC, FRS, BA Contractions (the last letter of the word is included) do not have a full stop.
Examples: Ltd, Mr, Dr, Mrs, Ms, St (Saint). This also applies to scientific terms (see under Measurements and Units) and chemical elements (see section on Chemistry).

Illustrations are not acceptable in any form.

Tables are not accepted, as these are not accepted for the submision to the Proceedings of the JBJS.

5.1 Numbers
Numbers should be set out as follows:
one to nine in words (but with units use numerals ? 1 g, 5 kHz etc); 10, 100, 1000 (no comma), 10 000 (thin space, no comma); 1 000 000 or one million; $16 (not $16.00), $5.45; Decimals: 9 (point on line), 0.78 (not .78), 1.5, 20 g (not 20.0 g); one-half, three-quarters (in text only); 20% (not 'percent' in words, unless the number is also written in full at the beginning of a sentence); When a sentence begins with a number, write it out in full (e.g. 'Eighty-five percent'). If this is difficult try to rewrite the sentence.

5.2 Measurements and Units
Measurements and units should be in metric SI units with
their proper abbreviations. The basic SI units are:
Length: metre (m)
Time: second (s)
Mass: Kilogram (kg)
Temperature: Celsius (C)
Note especially the following SI units and abbreviations:
Force: Newton (N), not jg force
Work and energy of any kind: joule (J), not erg
Power of any kind: watt (W)
Voltage: (V)
Light flux: lumen (lm)
Radioactivity: curie (Ci)
Note the abbreviations for minute (min), hour (h) and litre (1 not L), and especially microgram (?g) and microlitre (?l). For cubic centimetres, use cm3 and for liquid measures ml (not cc or c.c.). There are no full stops or plurals when the official abbreviations are used. The prefixes k, mu, ?, n and p should be used where appropriate. It is preferable to avoid non-metric units, but if essential they may be used in parentheses after the proper SI unit. Measurements of blood pressure should be in mmHg.

5.3 Chemistry
Text: Elements do not have a full stop after the abbreviation
 e.g. Fe (iron), K (potassium), Cu (copper), Ag (silver).

5.4 Biology
The Latin names of organisms should at the first mention appear in full, with the generic name with an initial capital
- e.g. Escherichia coli. Thereafter the generic name may be abbreviated to an initial capital letter - E. Coli - as long as there is no confusion with another organism.

6 Accidental Incomplete or Incorrect Submissions
If you have accidentally submitted an incomplete or incorrect abstract please inform the meetings secretary at academicsecretary@bostaa.ac.uk so it can be amended.

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